Degree in English grammar

degree কাকে বলে
degree কাকে বলে কত প্রকার ও কি কি

“Degree in English grammar” degree in grammar

মূলত Comparison of Adjective কে Degree বলা হয়।

★ Adjective এর গুণের মাধ্যমে ব্যক্তি বা বস্তুর  মধ্যে একটি হতে অন্যটিকে পৃথক বা তারতম্য হয়, তাকে সাধারণত Comparison of Adjective বলে।

Comparison of Adjective কত প্রকার

Comparison of Adjective তিন প্রকারঃ

 1. Positive Degree

Positive Degree indicates uncomparable quality of noun and pronoun (তুলনাহীন গুণ)

 ≈   No other boy in the class as good as Shihab.

(ক্লাসের অন্য কোনও ছেলে শিহাবের মতো ভাল নয়।)

2. Comparative Degree

The adjective form which compares two nouns’ or pronouns’ quality,fault,states is known as comparative Degree (দুটি noun বা pronoun এর মধ্যে দোষ,গুণ,অবস্থার তুলনা বোঝাতে Adjective এর যে রূপ ব্যবহৃত হয় তাকে Comparative Degree বলে।(দুইয়ের মধ্যে তুলনা)

≈ Ramim is better player than Shamim.

(শামীমের চেয়ে রমিম ভাল খেলোয়াড়।)

3. Superlative Degree .

The form of adjective which is used to compare among varous Noun or pronoun is called Superlative Degree ( Adjective এর যে রূপটি একাধিক noun বা pronoun এর মধ্যে তুলনা বোঝাতে ব্যবহৃত হয় তাকে Superlative Degree বলে।) (অনেকের মধ্যে তুলনা)

≈ Naima is the most beautiful girl.

(নাঈমা সবচেয়ে সুন্দর মেয়ে)

♦How many types of adjective comparison in degree?

    a. 2       b. 3        c. 5       d. 4

Answer: b

√তুলনা করার ক্ষেত্রে Adjective গুলো Degree অনুযায়ী পরিবর্তন হয়। নিম্নে তা দেওয়া হলোঃ

সাধারণত ‘Degree in English grammar এ Adjective word টি positive, এর শেষে er যোগ করে comparative আর est যোগ করে Superlative করতে হয়।

Positive Comparative superlative
High Higher Highest
Great Greater Greatest
Tall Taller Tallest
Kind Kinder Kindest
Long Longer Longest
Strong Stronger Strongest
Old Older Oldest
Cold Colder Coldest
Big Bigger Biggest
Thin Thinner Thinnest
Fat Fatter Fattest
Sad Sadder Saddest
Wet Wetter Wettest
Hot Hotter Hottest
Exceptional অধিক বুঝাতে comparative এ more এবং Superlative most ব্যবহৃত হয়
Popular More Popular Most Popular
Important More Important Most Important
Faithful More Faithful Most Faithful
Beautiful More Beautiful Most Beautiful
Famous More Famous Most Famous

এখন আমার নিম্নে ‘Degree in English grammar‘ এর সকল রুলগুলো জানতে পারবো।

degrees of comparison নিয়ম

Positive থেকে Comparative করার নিয়ম সমূহ

Rule-1

Positive degree: No other + Noun2 + Verb + as positive Adjective as + Noun1

(No other country in the world is as long as Russia.)

Comparative degree: Noun1 + verb + comparative এর Adjective + than any other + noun2

(Russia is longer country than any other country in the world.)

Note: Noun 1 বলতে sentence এর প্রথম বসা Noun কে আর Noun 2 বলতে Sentence এ শেষে বসা Noun কে বুঝানো হইছে।

More example:

Positive degree: No other boy in the class is as bad as Rifat.

Comparative degree: Rifat is worse than any other boy in the class.

Rule-2

Positive degree : Very few + noun2(plural)+ verb+ as positive adjective as + noun1

(Very few countries in the world are as beautiful as Japan)

Comparative degree: Noun1+ verb + comparative এর Adjective + than most other + noun 2(plural)

(Japan is more beautiful than most other countries in the world.)

Note: Very few পর সবসময় plural noun বসে।

More example:

Positive degree: Very few places are as charmed as Taj Mahal.

Comparative degree: Taj Mahal is more charmed than most other places.

Rule-3

Positive degree: Noun2 + verb + as positive adjective as + Noun1

(Shamim is as good as Ramim)

Comparative degree: Noun1 + verb + not + comparative adjective + than + Noun2.

(Ramim is not better than Shamim)

More example:

Positive degree: He is as kind as me.

Comparative degree: I am not kinder than him.

Rule-4

Positive degree: Noun2 + verb + not + as positive adjective as + Noun1

(Shamim is not as good as Ramim)

Comparative degree: Noun1+ verb + Comparative adjective + Noun2

(Ramim is better than Shamim)

Positive থেকে Superlative করার নিয়ম সমূহ

Rule- 1

Positive degree: No other + Noun2 + Verb + as positive Adjective as + Noun1

(No other country in the world is as long as Russia.)

Superlative degree: Noun1+ verb + the + Superlative এর adjective + Noun2

(Russia is the longest country in the world)

More example:

Positive degree: No other city is as beautiful as Rangamati.

Superlative degree: Rangamati is the most beautiful city.

Rule- 2

Positive degree: Very few + noun2(plural)+ verb+ as positive adjective as + noun1

(Very few countries in the world are as beautiful as Japan)

Superlative degree: Noun1 + verb + one of the + Superlative এর Adjective + Noun2(plural)

(Japan is one of the most beautiful countries in the world.)

More example:

Positive degree: Very few students in the College are as brilliant as he.

Superlative degree: He is one of the most brilliant students in the college.

Comparative থেকে Superlative করার নিয়ম সমূহ

Rule-1

Comparative degree: Noun1 + verb + comparative এর Adjective + than any other + noun2

(Russia is longer country than any other country in the world.)

Superlative degree: Noun1+ verb + the + Superlative এর adjective + Noun2

(Russia is the longest country in the world)

More example:

Comparative degree: China is stronger than any other country in Asia.

Superlative degree: China is the strongest country in Asia.

Rule-2

Comparative degree: Noun1+ verb + comparative এর Adjective + than most other + noun 2(plural)

(Japan is more beautiful than most other countries in the world.)

Superlative degree: Noun1 + verb + one of the + Superlative এর Adjective + Noun2(plural)

(Japan is one of the most beautiful countries in the world.)

More example:

Comparative degree: Amazon is bigger forest in the world.

Superlative degree: Amazon is one of the biggest forests in the world.

Lesson Test or Judge Yourself

1. She is _____ than her brother.

a. elder     b. older       c. eldest        d. oldest

2. The situation is ____ than ever.

a. aggravates       b. graver    c. grave       d. worst

3. Rahim is ____ most beautiful mans in the show.

a. the        b. than    c. one of     d. one of the

4. ___ students in the English class are as good as he.

a. very few     b. Most    c. No other     d. Than any other.

5. Choice the correct answer

a. She is the more beautiful.

b. She is the beautiful.

c. She is most beautiful.

d. She is the most beautiful.

Answer

1 2 3 4 5
a b a a d

Article কাকে বলে কত প্রকার ও কি কি বিস্তারিত জানুন

English grammar various rules

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