grammar in english: interjection definition and types

                  Interjection in English Grammar

  interjection definition and types:grammar in english

Interjections are those words which express the sudden feeling of the human mind. Don’t get it? Let me explain this.

Alas! He is dead.

Hurrah! we have won the game.

Look at the first sentence. If we say that he is dead then that would be a simple word which I am telling but you will not understand how I am feeling about this. But if we say Alas this will express the sad emotion. Without “Alas” the sentence was feeling less, a normal assertive sentence.

Let’s see the second one. We have won the game, that’s very good but by saying this the listener will not understand that I am happy or what? But if we say Hurrah then the reader or listener will understand very well that we are so happy that we won the match.

These Alas and Hurrah are interactions. grammar and usage

So, we can say that an interjection is a word which expresses some strong feelings of the emotional mind. Basically, it is a word that we use in our sentences to express our feelings.

For example:

Bravo! You did the great job.

Oh! I get the point of you.

Hush! This is library.

Hello! How are you?

Alas! I didn’t submit my assignment.

Hurrah! I got the prize.

If you read those lines attentively you will see that those words are expressing different types of feelings in every sentence.

Characteristic of Interjection

Let’s read these lines again.

Bravo! You did the great job.

Oh! I get the point of you.

Hush! This is a library.

Did you notice something? No? Okay let me clear this.

Look at every sentence. If you remove Bravo, OH and Hush from the sentence then the main sentence will not change.

For example:

You did the great job.

I get the point of you.

This is a library.

Not only that. If you use Interjection in a sentence that won’t change the structure of a sentence. For example,

Hush! This is a library and we remove “Hush” the sentence will be This is a library and see the sentence’s remains same but if we That is a library then the sentence becomes Change.

Then we can say that a characteristic of Interjection is that there is no significance of Interjection in making a sentence but if you want to express the feeling then Interjection is highly important.

types of interjection: what is interjection and give examples

There are some common Interjection which we can use easily. Let’s read about those english grammar.

Interjection of grief or pain

When speaker uses this expression for happening something suddenly is known as interjection of grief or pain .Usually alash,ah, oh,ouch are used in this interjection.

Alas! /Ah!

We use this to express our grief.

For example:

 Alas! we lost our game.

Ah! I get hurt.

Interjection of joy

When a speaker expresses his happiness that is occurred suddenly is known as interjection of joy. Usually hurrah, wow, hurray is used in this expression.


We use Hurrah to express our joy.

For example:

Hurrah! We have won the game.

Interjection of negligence

When we don’t like any one then we use this type of word.


When we want to express our feeling about reproof then we use this Interjection in a sentence.

For example:

Fie! Fie! How can you do that?

Interjections of greeting


If you want to express your feelings of attention or to inform someone about any topic or to connect first impression of anyone then use this.

For example:

Hush! Teacher is coming.

Interjections for approval and praise:

Interjections for Approval and Praise


We use this word when we want to give approval. Speakers use this word to praise someone for his/her work or activities.

For example:

Bravo! You can go out.

Bravo! You will be the king.

Interjections for Bidding Farwell

When someone say bye to anyone at that time he/she express his expression by saying this type of words.

Generally we use bye,good bye,farewell to express this types of sentence.

For Example-

Good bye! Now I have to go.

Bye Bye! for now.

Interjection Phrase

When a phrase is used to express our emotional feeling and work as Interjection is called Interjection Phrase. That means if we use any phrases to express our emotional condition that will call Interjection Phrase. There are so many examples. They are,

For shame! What is this?

Good God! She is walking again.

Good heaven! This is a great feeling.

Oh dear! Everything will be alright, have patient.

know details about conjunction in english grammar

Other Parts of Speech That Used as Interjection

Sometimes other parts of speech are also used as Interjection. Main thing is if a word is used to express emotional situation, condition or feeling will call Interjection.

For example:

Look! He is coming finally.

Here look is a verb but working as an Interjection. Because here looks word is using to express a feeling.

 Another example is,

What a boy! 

Here what is a pronoun but it is working like a interjection.

Why Interjection is Important?

Many students ask me that interjection doesn’t change the structure of a sentence. So, we can also avoid that. What is importance of using interjection?

The answer is very simple. We human have many emotions such as sad, happy, angry, anxious etc. We need to express that by our words. For that purpose, we need to use interjections.  Because if you use this the audience or reader will be able to understand the depth of your thinking and it is very important for anyone to understand the emotion.

FAQs about interjections

1. Is there any rules to use interjection?

Ans: No. You can use this freely before or after of any sentence. It is very hard to use them incorrectly.

2.  Is an exclamatory sentence always contain interjection?

Ans: Yes, because in exclamatory sentence we use interjections to express our emotional state.

3. Is it very important to use interjection in speaking?

Ans: Obviously it is. Because by using this we can easily make our audience to understand about my feeling.  For example: Hurrah! we have won the game. If we say that we have won the game this line doesn’t show us the happiness but when we use hurrah it clearly shows us the happiness of winning.

4. What kinds of interjections are there in English grammar?

Ans:  Happiness, grief, disgust, approval, call, doubt, reproof etc.

5. What is an example of “Interjection of call”

Ans: Hello! This is Maya.

6. When do we use the word “fie”?

Ans: This is an interjection of disgust. We use this when we feel something disgusting. For example:

Fie! you are ended up becoming a thief.

Interjection is very easy to understand and to find out. A student who will read this article I hope they will understand the whole thing for them. If you want to upgrade your speaking then use interjection.  This will help other people to understand about your feeling. So, your reading is complete right?  Now, let’s go and start to practice.